PESTEL & SWOT Analysis of BMW
BMW i.e. Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is one of the leading automotive company established globally, but based in Munich a city in Germany It manufactures, various models of cars, motorcycles, mini cars, and Rolls-Royce.
These are those governmental by-laws, legal regulations and security measures formulated by the governments to control the automobile industry performances. These are:
a) The environmental restrictions and norms to be fulfilled by the automobile manufactures to facilitate a pollution free environment.
b) Taxes and duties both by domestic and foreign countries affect the policies and success.
c) Schemes favoured by regulatory bodies to encourage production of high mileage cars.
a) Reduction in euro exchange rates varies the European automotive market.
b) The movement of the European market towards downfall affected the industry.
c) The economical conditions of the global level affect the top brands like BMW closely as this is spread over the world.
d) The developing countries purchasing capacity and demands attract the new developments.
a) Changes in the cultural factors categorizing status symbol at a time or fuel efficiency based development influence demand-supply factors.
b) Variation in purchasing power of the buyers due to industry trends affects the sales.
c) Awareness about the global warming, eco-friendly automotive & harmful emission resistant cars influence the sales, new developments and turnover.
a) Use of more technology owing to the rising demands of consumers.
b) Technology not just helps cut down cost, but enables more complex yet comfortable designs.
c) This supports eco-friendly revolution.
a) The awareness about global warming, go-green concept, etc. affects sales.
d) Changes in the tastes and choice of the consumers and buyers all over the world influences business.
e) Inclination of consumers towards eco-friendly, more comfort oriented, fuel-efficient cars, etc. marks new developments.
f) Norms suppressing pollution emission to protect environment.
a) The restricted norms on environmental measures and preventive measures to ensure more fuel efficient and go-green vehicles.
b) Strict norms of the other countries and global level impacts the initiatives of the automotive industry.
1. Brand Recognition
BMW enjoys a reputation in the global automotive industry in the top five. This categorises it as reputable business at a global level. This has made a BMW a huge brand name not just attracting consumers, but also a highly trained workforce.
2. Eco-friendly vehicles
BMW attempts to make more of fuel efficient and eco-friendly cars supporting the global pollution free revolution.
3. Emphasis on high quality
BMW is known for its highly engineered developments; top sophisticated models of cars, and trained and highly qualified workmen.
4. Trained and highly skilled workforce
BMW is known to recruit the most qualified, skilled, experienced and productive workforce at various levels and departments.
5. Meeting corporate social responsibility
CSR characterizes the practices of the company towards its stakeholders’ wellbeing, environmental protection, societal upliftment and sustainability initiatives. With this company perform acts like employee health benefits, providing them additional benefits of accommodation, crutches, educational sponsorships, life & health insurances, etc., society sustainability activities, waste management programs, etc.
6. Strong market presence in China
As per the market statistics the BMW sales have increased immensely in the markets of China and other developing countries. This is owing to increase in their purchasing capacity, standards of living and global influence of economic growth in their domestic economy.
1. Higher cost than competitors
Quality demands a price. Quality products come from expensive raw materials and skills workmen demand higher pay scale which cuts down the profits and increases the cost structure. Its cost is higher than its other competitors, namely Volkswagen, General Motors, etc.
2. Brand portfolio is weak
The BMW portfolio contains only a few brands, namely, Rolls Royce, Mini and BMW. They are very good performing segments of the BMW but it fails to serve the needs of the larger section of the consumers demanding diversification targeting a wide range of customers, markets and products.
3. Low strategic alliances and partnerships
Most of the growth of the company is purely its own and a very few is from the strategic partnerships and alliances. Without partnerships it becomes difficult to grow at technological and engineering level. Thus more growth will come from more partnerships and ventures.
4. Expensive products
BMW cars are highly priced than its competitors as it focussing on luxury cars which demands quality raw material which is costly, skilled workmen which are expensive to hire and top technology which adds to its direct cost.
1. Rising petrol & diesel prices
Rising fuel cost attracts the consumers towards BMW fuel efficient models and hybrid & hydrogen cars. This helps them cut down their routine fuel expenses and contribute towards a pollution free environment.
2. Demand of eco-friendly vehicles
The go-green revolution has increased awareness of choosing cars that helps emit lower harmful effluents and keep the environment pollution free. Hybrid and hydrogen cars are an attraction in this case and in hot demands.
3. Changing needs of customers
To meet the needs of wider sections of consumer expansion in the brand’s portfolio is needed. This will help to grow at a higher level new products and models to its list.
4. Changing pollution norms
The strict pollution control and environment friendly regulations support the growth of BMW as it produces fuel efficient models. It aims at producing ecological cars and also developed hydrogen cars with no CO2 emission. So these effects do not affect BMW in a financial manner as it already follows these norms.
1. Cut-throat competition with other global leaders poses a threat by sharing of market and reduction in sales.
2. Growing prices of raw material make the BMW cars more expensive as its models are already highly priced than its competitors because of expensive raw material used.
3. Falling prices of fuel poses a negative impact on BMW sales as it produces fuel efficient products and hydrogen cars that reduces the fuel expenses of consumers.
4. Fluctuating euro foreign exchange rates affects lesser euro’s in exchange of another currency that reduces its value of exchange.
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