Oxford Referencing

In Oxford referencing system, referencing is done in footnotes and bibliography. In addition to this, list of all references and endnotes are needed to be provided. Footnotes are placed at the bottom of all the pages and are identified by consecutive superscript numerals at the end of either a quote or the sentence including the quote. Basic format of Oxford referencing:

  • Author - in the form of surname and initials followed by a comma
  • The full title in italics followed by a comma
  • The edition, if other than the first, followed by a comma
  • The name of the publisher followed by a comma
  • The place of publication followed by a comma
  • The year of publication followed by a full stop.

Referencing a Book

Brown, J., Oxford Referencing, 3rd edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.

Referencing a Journal

Edward, P., 'How to Reference', Referencing Today, vol. 4, no. 3, 2008, pp. 53-4.

Referencing an electronic source

Edward, P., How to Reference, Oxford Online, vol. 3, no. 4, 2007, retrieved 4 September 2008,
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