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Leveraging Big Data and IoT for Smart City Transformation

Introduction

Smart City formulation process involves metamorphosis of conventional urban facilities into technopolises and this involves overcoming of multiplicity of technological challenges through ubiquitous computing resource deployment throughout the urban landscape under consideration. These computing resources are constituted by Internet of Things and Big Data management processes involving advanced data analytic mechanisms. To this effect, the identified research problem, has been relative paucity of proper comprehension of the benefits of Big Data share on the daily lives of urban dwellers and the general impact on the economic value promotion of the smart cities. It is also necessary to determine the contribution of IoT and data sharing on the applied sustainability prospects of any such city in terms of resource (time and energy) and space efficiency.

In this context, the future research process would entail the utilisation of the processes IoT and Big Data in development of sustainable smart cities through which built environments, urban spaces, infrastructures, buildings and mobility in transportation could be managed properly so that the urban economic value could be maximized.

The rationale of the study could be understood as the development of proper understanding regarding the process of transforming a city into a Smart City based urban landscape (geomarketing.com, 2018). The factor of efficient resource management is one of the explanations. The UN has observed that 54% of the global populace resides in the city and this measure is forecasted to reach 66% by the year 2050 (designblendz.com, 2020). The support mechanism necessitated to accommodate such increment in global urban populace involves analysis of data generated through extensive sensor networks disseminated throughout the urban landscape through application of AI assisted data algorithms to optimize development of solutions such as analytical neural networks which could product multimodal simultaneous data analysis with the least measure of time (bourboncreative.com, 2018).

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Literature Review

The digitalization of the industry, public administrations and the urban populace as cumulative elements could serve as the backdrop of the gradual progression towards development of Smart Cities which involve the digitalization of entire cities on the processes of management of talent, data and innovation (digitalmarketingmagazine.co.uk, 2015). The emphasis of the process of development of Smart Cities primarily is concentrated on the technology which is applied to formulate the urban architecture so as to permit interoperability between different nodes of digitized services (easyrender.com, 2019). The objectives are energy efficiency and sustainability (researchgate.net, 2016). Phil Harris had described the intervention designed by Tatsuno of NeoConcepts consultations, which had been affiliated with the Institute for Constructive Capitalism of University of Texas, which outlined the factors involved in smart and intelligent cityscape development in the format of advanced information management based communication technologies (intechnologywifi.com, 2020). In tandem with the human subjects, the Smart Cities are also inhabited by knowledge processors which are engaged in instantaneous exchanges of information (mckinsey.com, 2018). The most significant aspects of such cities are the centres where new technologies are utilised in the form of microelectronics and computer driven economies as well as the receptacles for the evolution of such technological application discourses (interestingengineering.com, 2019). Replication of multiple tasks within an innovative milieu of digitized operations is core to such high tech process driven cities and this has been the reason that contemporary providers of smart technological solutions visualize the smart cities as conduits of products which have been developed in the previous decades through subsequent latest technologies (archdaily.com, 2014). This perspective has developed from the direct impacts of endogenic smart technology assisted growth of cities where municipal budgets have been directed towards investment in development of data driven restructuring of resources (researchgate.net, 2017). Data could be considered as the most valuable component in any smart urban environment (architectmagazine.com, 2019). Big Data management scenarios within smart urban landscapes are oriented towards development of continuous technical solutions to better organize the existing and potential urban resources (dezeen.com, 2019). The combination of dual techniques of IoT and Big Data management has thus gained particular significance through which conventional cities could be transformed into hyper managed and entrepreneurial urban centres (smartcityhub.com, 2018).

Thus, the identified research gaps have been relative paucity of research in the measures of determination of contribution of smart city designs in marketing and development of consumer perception, the details of development of sustainability through smart technological and urban space design solutions which could further delineate the impact of smart technology implementation on consumer behaviour and the living quality improvement of the smart city dwellers in terms of smart management space, time and energy (archdaily.com, 2014). To this effect, the research questions would be developed on the basis of such research knowledge development perspectives.

Research objectives

To Identify the value contribution of smart city designs in marketing processes.

To determine the implications of IoT and Big Data in development of smart cities in terms of promotion of quality of living.

To evaluate the sustainability effect of communication in smart cities.

To ascertain contribution of smart city based facilities in management of consumer behaviour, especially that of the new generation, through digital marketing.

To discern the benefits of smart cities in terms of energy, time and resource efficiency.

Question

How does innovative Smart City design impact the purchase behaviours of consumers and employee engagement through communication?

How does Smart City designing process influence the designing and development of smart urban spaces involving engagement, flexibility, communication, aesthetics and technological adaptive innovation?

How does smart building development contribute in the sustainable element of smart cities?

Research Philosophy

The research process would utilise the positivist research philosophy to logically analyse the collected data concerning the research problem under consideration. The rationale for selecting this research philosophy is that Positivism permits a methodical structural framework for analysis of collected data through which lower space of research error incurrence could become possible. Positivism could as well foster lesser affinity for research variables and this could assist the researcher in executing data collection and analysis with greater accuracy

Research Approach

The research process would utilise the Deductive approach through a bottom-approach to validate research hypotheses on the basis of existing theoretical constructs to establish research conclusions authentically. Furthermore, this approach could as well foster time efficiency.

Research Design

The research process would be utilising exploratory research design for the purpose of connecting the existing ideas to the data analysis conclusions to specifically develop understanding about the extent and nature of the research problem under consideration.

Research Strategy

The research strategy would involve the application of survey based data collection methods. The rationale of selecting the survey strategy is the convenience through it appropriate attributes based data could be collected from specifically selected research participants.

Sampling Method

The research would be utilising probability based random sampling method to select a predetermined number of participants from the municipal council of the Smart City of Dubai(5 personnel) and from the leading IT and digitisation service provider organisations for the city council of Dubai for collection of Quantitative data through formulation of structured and semi-regulatory questionnaire. The respondents would be selected through a stratified random sampling method which would specify the research participant involvement through first formulation of mutually exclusive groups of respondents and then utilising random sampling methods to select the necessary respondents.

Data collection and analysis method

The questionnaire formulated for this purpose would be utilised to garner research information from the research participants in the manner of direct responses to presented questions. The generated data would be structured through the Likert Five Point scale data demonstration statistical table and the analysis would involve utilisation of relevant visualisation tools such as graphs and charts to properly outline the data analysis trends. Statistical regression analysis would be performed to outline the data variation measures to properly test the validity of the research questions in terms of these being reflected in the Primary data conclusions.

Apart from this, the Secondary data would be collected through the previously published research sources such as relevant books and journals, online data repositories and previously performed thesis content on the research topic under consideration. The analysis of secondary data would entail utilisation of thematic similarity analysis of the observed data thematic trends with the research objectives/ questions.

Ethical considerations

Prior consent from the research participants would be garnered through provisioning of advance notices and explanations of the purpose and objectives of the research study in the form of consent forms. Furthermore, the Researcher would also accord complete liberty to the research participants to withdraw their consents from the research participation process at any moment of their choice or to refrain from providing answers to the presented questions. The Researcher would also ensure that complete anonymity would be maintained regarding the personal details of the participants and not such detail would be published to any third party without explicit permission from the concerned participants.

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Reference List

digitalmarketingmagazine.co.uk (2015) Marketing in a Smart City [online] Available at: http://digitalmarketingmagazine.co.uk/digital-marketing-data/marketing-in-a-smart-city/2031(Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

researchgate.net (2016)A big data architecture for smart cities [online] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307573808_BASIS_A_big_data_architecture_for_smart_cities (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

mckinsey.com (2018)Smart cities: Digital solutions for a more livable future[online] Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our-insights/smart-cities-digital-solutions-for-a-more-livable-future (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

archdaily.com (2014)Who Will Design Our Smart Cities? (Hint: Not Architects) [online] Available at: https://www.archdaily.com/482837/who-will-design-our-smart-cities-hint-not-architects (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

architectmagazine.com (2019) Making Sense of the Smart City [online] Available at: https://www.architectmagazine.com/design/making-sense-of-the-smart-city_o (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

smartcityhub.com (2018) What is a Digital City Brand? [online] Available at: https://smartcityhub.com/collaborative-city/digital-city-brand/ (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

intechnologywifi.com (2020) Can Smart City technology supercharge economic development in urban areas? [online] Available at: https://www.intechnologywifi.com/blog/can-smart-city-technology-supercharge-economic-development-in-urban-areas/ (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

interestingengineering.com (2019) 10 Ways Smart Cities Will Restructure The Economy[online] Available at: https://interestingengineering.com/10-ways-smart-cities-will-restructure-the-economy (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

researchgate.net (2017) Smart Economy in Smart Cities [online] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306924920_Smart_Economy_in_Smart_Cities (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

dezeen.com (2019) Five smart cities that are being proposed in North America [online] Available at: https://www.dezeen.com/2019/10/28/five-smart-cities-north-america/ (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

archdaily.com (2014)Who Will Design Our Smart Cities? (Hint: Not Architects) [online] Available at: https://www.archdaily.com/482837/who-will-design-our-smart-cities-hint-not-architects (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

easyrender.com (2019) Sustainable smart cities and the architecture of the future [online] Available at: https://www.easyrender.com/architectural-services/sustainable-smart-cities-and-the-architecture-of-the-future (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

bourboncreative.com (2018) THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTENT MARKETING FOR SMART CITY ORGANIZATIONS [online] Available at: https://www.bourboncreative.com/content-marketing-for-smart-city-organizations/ (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

geomarketing.com (2018) How Smart Cities Are Creating New OOH Options For Marketers [online] Available at: https://geomarketing.com/how-smart-cities-are-creating-new-ooh-options-for-marketers (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

designblendz.com (2020) UNDERSTANDING THE ELEMENTS OF SMART ARCHITECTURE [online] Available at: https://www.designblendz.com/blog/understanding-the-elements-of-smart-architecture (Accessed on: 01.02.2020)

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