Summary on Crisis in Global Health and Social medicine

In the recent era of globalisation, the incidents such as dramatic consequences of climate change, the growing fear about the spread of deadly diseases, the terrorist attack and the vulnerability of underfunded is rapidly increasing year by year and it becomes a great issue in the health and social care context as the crisis arise due to such incidents. The report is effective to discuss the health and social care crisis where examining he obesity as a non-communicable diseases is effective to understand the triggers in the global health and social medicine crisis. In the recent years, the issue of childhood obesity is increasing rapidly and there are huge numbers of children who are suffering from obesity across the globe and it further raise consequences such as lack of movements and participation in the social activities, lack of physical movement and exercise and other health related problems including arthritics and heart attack. The study also focuses on genetic influence on obesity, where 10% of children are suffering from obesity due to genetic problems and social economic factors and it needs specific therapeutic intervention so that the children can get proper treatment and care from the health and social care professionals in order to overcome the issue of obesity (Cheng et al., 2019). The obese children assessment should be directed at screening for neurological, endocrine and genetic disorders, for better treatment and care where it has assessed that, for family history and presence of obesity among the family members is one of the major reason of child obesity.

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There is some genetic obesity syndromes are linked with clinical disorders and genetic disorders and it further leads to multiplicity of defects that involves the leptin-melanocortin pathway, where the intervention of health and social care service providers need to be there to support the children with proper treatment, care, and right food habit. The policies and procedure including the environmental factors, school policies need to be changed well so that the children can develop the habit of consuming good and healthy food, more vegetables and less calories, so that they can overcome their problem of child obesity. There is environmental influence on child obesity, where the bad food habit, the habit of consuming carbonated drinks and high calorie foods raises the chance of obesity among the children. Additionally, lack of physical activities, poor exercise among the children as well as in spending time on watching television are also some factors that raise the chance of obesity among the children. Similar screen time, diets, family factors and physical activity behaviours as well as major influences by attitudes and perceptions concerning activity and diet contribute to obesity among the children. As per the study, it has been estimated that, there is 41% chance of having obesity among the children aged between 0 and 15 years due to the environmental and social economic factors, food habit and daily activities in the lifestyle of the children (Katzmarzyk et al., 2019).

The study also focuses on the social economic perspectives of childhood obesity, where the attitudes, knowledge, constraints on physical activity patterns as well as constraints on nutrition patterns have crucial effects on the childhood obesity. For example, there is higher risk of obesity in the developed nations with lower socio economic position where the children are linked with less access to safe exercise and healthy food, discrimination against socioeconomic advancement, fewer interests in weight control and physical effectiveness. Hereby, there are various factors that have important impacts on the risk of having childhood obesity among the children across the globe. As per the study, the children living in more deprived places tend to eat more sweets and sugar, less fruits and vegetables, more salty snacks and soft drinks, fats processed meats relative to children living in higher-income households (Farooqi, 2019). On the other hand, stigma and self esteem is also linked with obesity, where it has been that the risk of attempting suicide is higher among the children, who are suffering from obesity and hereby it can be stated that, having child obesity has impacts on social stigmatisation and psychological stress. The study hereby helps to identify the factors triggering the risk of obesity among the children and also it helps to acknowledge the effects on stigma and self esteem of the children in the society. The paper is hereby beneficial to identify and analyse the factors of increasing risk of obesity among the children, so that in future, the health and social care provides can mitigate the global health and social care crisis by developing appropriate intervention planning for the benefits of the children.

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Reference List

Cheng, E. R., Nelson, C. C., Leung-Strle, P., Colchamiro, R., Taveras, E. M., & Baidal, J. A.

W. (2019). Nutrition provider confidence in the Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (MA-CORD) study. Preventive medicine reports, 13, 289-292.

Farooqi, I. S. (2019).Genetics of Obesity. Handbook of Obesity Treatment, 64.

Katzmarzyk, P. T., Chaput, J. P., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., Maher, C., Maia, J., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2019). International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE): Contributions to Understanding the Global Obesity Epidemic. Nutrients, 11(4), 848.

Bibliography

Rouse, H., Goudie, A., Rettiganti, M., Leath, K., Riser, Q., & Thompson, J. (2019).

Prevalence, Patterns, and Predictors: A Statewide Longitudinal Study of Childhood Obesity. Journal of School Health, 89(4), 237-245.

Samaras, K., TevaearaiStahel, H., Goldman, M., le Coutre, J., & Holly, J. M. (2019). With Obesity Becoming the New Normal, What Should We Do?. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, 250.

vanVuuren, C. L., Wachter, G. G., Veenstra, R., Rijnhart, J. J., Van der Wal, M. F., Chinapaw, M. J., & Busch, V. (2019). Associations between overweight and mental health problems among adolescents, and the mediating role of victimization. BMC public health, 19(1), 612.

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