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Health Human Mind and Behaviour

  • 08 Pages
  • Published On: 15-12-2023

Health: Human Mind and Behaviour

Health issues arise from being in a stable condition of mental and physical status. The psychological and physical qualities of a human being are always portrayed to be influenced by the status of growth and development as well as the environmental circumstances under which the growth and development took place. According to the World Health Organization Constitution, health is a condition of stability by experiencing complete physical, mental and social well-being. The World Health Organization depicts that the health status of a human being is only about having no illness, but it Is surrounded by various perspectives altogether. Body immunity in the body system may result in poor body functioning, resulting in body health deterioration. However, on the contrary, the state of the human mind should be considered as the mental status of a person is also viewed to be relevantly important considering the mental health defects in conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety.

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Similarly, the absence of physical injury or any physical body malformation does not imply that the person is typically healthy. The ordinary recognition of physical wellness making someone healthy is determined by the absence of knowledge on all health perspectives, including psychological body functioning. Generally, health issue takes different dimensions such as the physical, emotional, intellectual, social, spiritual, environmental, and occupational dimensions. The wellness of all these dimensions makes health in terms of the human mind and behaviour. To consider a person to be healthy should be pegged on the overall lifestyle of a human being. Having a healthy life is in both mind and body. The body is psychologically controlled by the grey matter, which elicits the cognitive and behavioural outcome.

Psychologically, human growth and development are determined by the prevailing circumstances in a society that a person lives. According to the Socio-Psychological perspective on mind and behaviour, society and a person are intertwined. In this regard, society determines a person's behaviour and way of life. A human being derives the state of the behaviour from the environment that surrounds him or her. The socio-psychological theories of the human body and behaviours make it significantly clear that the human mind is solely controlled by his or her thoughts, beliefs, feelings, and goals. All these are from the society he is in. Human actions should not be outrightly determined to be either bad or good without looking at the reason behind such acts (Zaikin, 2017). For instance, a woman may decide never to get married, but society will automatically consider such an action outrageous. But when the focus is narrowed down to the point of origin for such a decision, then the verdict might change. The scenario of the woman might have been triggered by an action that took place in her early life. A woman who has grown up with a violent father and witnessed her mother being physically assaulted might take such a decision. According to Kant’s theory of deontology, an action is determined good or bad if the actions elicit a great outcome. The psychological perspective of behaviour can sometimes be permanent in human life. The permanency selects various choices and decisions people make.

According to the transtheoretical model of life on how a person is ready to adhere to various health issues, life issues can be determined by everyone's preparedness in terms of acceptance and the ability to accept change and new inventories in life. The psychosocial status of a person might, however, be rigid to change. Adherents to positivity are not ordinary to other individuals. For instance, if a human being has witnessed a reverse angle of an initially expected positive action in their life, they might elicit a negative response to any of such ideology. The theories model as well does not explain and give acceptance to an individual's decision (Zaikin, 2017). A person might have vowed to avoid any health adherent guidelines and continue his or her health status. These individuals lack motivation, ability, and the readiness to consider a positive health model. The effectiveness of the theory can be viewed on the behaviour change of a human being and maybe the rigidity or readiness for change. Society makes these decisions to happen either positively or negatively. A community that has always been rigid will put out personalities with severe behaviour, but at the same time, a society that embraces change will finally bring out persons with an attitude of change acceptance. The latter can be considered positive, not because even the rigidity angle of look has a driving factor.

A human being has complete control over his or her behaviour and body. The cognitive theory on predictive health behaviour should focus on the societal influence rather than the mind alone. Decisions pertaining psychosocial status of a human being can be associated with attitudes, intentions, and general healthy health behaviours. Attitude is subjective norms in nature that are inbuilt in the human personality (Lilje, & Mosler, 2017). A negative attitude directed to health behaviours can either be of the mind or influenced by external factors. Good health satisfies the body and has an impact on the self-esteem and awareness of a person.

But on the contrary view as well there are individuals whose self-esteem is not determined by health behaviour. The health status of such a person does not have an impact on his or her behaviour. On the same note, the psychological level of such an individual does not embrace the factors of having a health-enhancing strategy and or, health-protecting plan. The plan might focus on the good health predicting scenarios than health-harming. Individuals attitude towards having good health is narrowed to the actions taken for such a course (Langer, & Brehm, 2021). But at the same time, there are individuals whose mind is no longer interested in having a better, which makes them engage in health-harming activities such as consuming excess alcohol, smoking, or not taking a balanced diet. Provocable, engaging in health-threatening activities is not also a factor that can be generalized to human personalities. Still, it is based on other issues such as social class status or social-economic status. A person who does not have the resource capacity to acquire a balanced diet should not be regarded as having health-threatening activity.

Attitude towards the human mind and behaviour is based on gender, age, religion, and culture. There's a considerable attitude that is expected from females and the male gender. They are acceptable by all, but this has not been the case as the contrary has as well been witnessed. The religion and culture we are in shape our personality, and the attitude shapes the behaviour. The society at large also shapes the perspective, but do all humans determine the community they live in. Stress and anxiety are all mental disorders that can be generated by society. But the sole management of such conditions is left for an individual. For instance, anxiety is a critical mental health disorder always symptomized by feelings of worry or fear. These feelings can sometimes be strong enough to interfere with someone's behaviour and one's daily operations. The most common forms of anxiety disorders are panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The conditions are caused by variant issues that can either be within or without. Anxiety leads to chronic stress that is sometimes out of control to the extent of settling or avoiding worrying (Johnston, 2020). The situation of restlessness on the same aspect can interfere with the human mind and make an individual engage in acts that can harm the physical body. The outcome of the physical harm will be at last usher in post-traumatic disorders and chronic stress. It, therefore, demands proper diagnosis and treatment, which include counselling and the use of antidepressants.

There are various factors to consider for an individual's better health status, which is rooted within both the social psychology and biopsychological perspectives of the human mind and behaviour. It is denoted that better health is a requisite for a better mind and the better mind determines the behaviour. Psychobiological theories determine the behaviour and mental aspects of human beings. The focus on the biological foundations of the human mind should consider the cognitive functioning of a person and the reason behind the function. The mental processes of the mind determine behaviours and emotional instincts. Psychologically the focus is on the human mind, but the human mind depends on the physical body. An excellent healthy physical body will trigger a better mind. There are various causes of good health, such as eating a balanced diet, being physically active, avoiding alcohol, and not smoking, among others. A good healthy body makes a person have a positive mind. Psychobiological perspectives narrow down that what a person thinks and feels is also influenced by the body's biological functioning (Hohwy, et al, 2019). This unique perspective stresses the input-output mentality of operation. A biologically disturbed person will depict that are not socially acceptable. A human being does not choose what to be and how to live. A female person's attitudes towards things are portrayed to be significantly different from how the male gender looks the same. On a similar note, the biological status of a child controls how they think and reason about various issues.

Additionally, a hungry person has a high chance of being angry. The direct relation between the biological setup and psychological part of human beings depicts interdependence between the mind and the body. How human beings behave is controlled by physical body operations. Research in psychobiological theory depicts that there are mind-related issues that also interfere with the body's normal functioning (Strain, 2018). A good example is in the aspect of a human being engaging in examinations that may trigger fear, making the heart palpitations faster than usual. Similarly, some food substances such as oily food drugs and alcohol consumption can interfere with the human brain, which in return impacts behaviour. Recently, a study on psychobiology revealed that sexual risk-taking results in cortisol stress disorder, which implies that the sexual risk-takers are fully aware of the impact of taking risks about the action. In this case, focusing on how a biological behaviour of sexual activity brings up a psychological effect of stress disorder makes it elaborate that the body determines the emotional behaviour and vice versa. On the same note, distancing the body from the mind is a thing that can not of much impact due to their interrelationship. The body has the opportunity of inducing stress, and the reason has the chance of interfering with the normal functioning of the body. The latter is seen in the body being able to engage in life-threatening activities that finally make the mind respond to the situation.

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Finally, research on human behaviour depicted that majority of the human population are grouped into either being optimistic, pessimistic, trusting, and envious. However, being jealous is the most common attribute of human beings, and it is associated with both the biopsychological and socio-psychological aspects of human life. The biological perspective and the psychological view of a human being should be whole be viewed taking note that they co-exist in totality. Matters to do with human health have been of interest in many, and events such as studying the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics make the ideology of knowing how the human mind operates easier. The theoretical view of the human mind and behaviour should therefore be placed together with the practical aspect of life and the ability to understand what social impacts to human beings and how science is a reality that should be put into consideration.

References

Badcock, P. B., Friston, K. J., Ramstead, M. J., Ploeger, A., & Hohwy, J. (2019). The hierarchically mechanistic mind: an evolutionary systems theory of the human brain, cognition, and behaviour. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience, 19(6), 1319-1351.

Davis, E. L., Brooker, R. J., & Kahle, S. (2020). Considering context in the developmental psychobiology of self‐regulation. Developmental Psychobiology, 62(4), 423-435.

Johnston, J. (2020). Stress and anxiety. Veterinary Nursing Journal, 35(8), 217-217.

Langer, P. C., & Brehm, A. (2021). Social Trauma: A Socio-Psychological Perspective. In Social Trauma–An Interdisciplinary Textbook (pp. 219-233). Springer, Cham.

Lilje, J., & Mosler, H. J. (2017). Socio-psychological determinants for safe drinking water consumption behaviours: a multi-country review. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 7(1), 13-24.

Strain, J. J. (2018). The psychobiology of stress, depression, adjustment disorders and resilience. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 19(sup1), S14-S20.

Zaikin, V. A. (2017). Moral functioning: socio-psychological approach. Social intuitionist theory of John Haidt. National Psychological Journal, (1).

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