Mental Health Issues Among Young People

Introduction

The mental health issues are referred to wide range of psychological disorder that adversely affects the thinking, mood and behaviour of a person (Ratnayake and Hyde, 2019). The people suffering from the mental disorder often face discrimination in the society as the normal individuals lack knowledge regarding the mental illness suffered by the individuals, in turn, making them unable to develop reason for the individual's inappropriate behaviour. The mental health issues or mental health disorder commonly found among young individuals include depression, stress, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia and others (Hanley et al. 2019). The Bipolar Disorder is referred to mental disorder in which individual experiences intense mood swings along with heightened emotions and lower emotion. The bipolar disorder is a life-long condition but it is able to be managed with proper medical intervention. The symptoms of bipolar disorder include hypomania, mania and depression. The young people who experience mania as a result of bipolar disorder feel emotionally high making them impulsive, excited, euphoric and full of energy. During this period, they engage in executing behaviours like drug use, spending sprees and others (Inder et al. 2018). The young people with bipolar disorder who experiences episode depression shows deep sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, insomnia, suicidal thoughts and others (McCormack et al. 2016). The social group is referred to collection of individuals who develop interaction with one another and often shares similar characteristics along with a sense of unity (Plötner et al. 2016). In this study, the social group includes young people who are the individuals within 15- 25 years of age (mentalhealth.org.uk, 2018).

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In the UK, nearly 4 million cases of mood disorder are being reported which also includes bipolar disorder. This disorder is mainly seen among young people in the UK compared to older people. It is evident as in 2014 nearly 3.4% individuals of 16-24 years age are reported to be suffering from bipolar disorder whereas only 0.4% people of 65-74 years of age are reported to be suffering from the disorder (mentalhealth.org.uk, 2018). Thus, it indicates that discussion of bipolar disorder is important for the young people in the UK as they are the ones who are getting adversely affected by the health disorder compared to individuals of other age group. Moreover, through discussion of the way bipolar disorder is affecting the young people effective intervention and approaches can be identified in the study to be used for young individuals in promoting their mental health. The information in the study is to be gathered by considering both qualitative and quantitative research. The information from qualitative research is to be drawn because it includes detailed information regarding the feelings and expression among the young people related to bipolar disorder making the researcher understand the way the health disorder is affected the health condition of the people making them face difficulty in performing everyday activities (Holloway and Galvin, 2016). The quantitative researches are to be considered in the study as it is going to provide statistical data regarding the prevalence and incidence of bipolar disorder among the young people in the UK (Ramani and Mann, 2016).

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References

Hanley, T., Prescott, J. and Gomez, K.U., 2019. A systematic review exploring how young people use online forums for support around mental health issues. Journal of Mental Health, 28(5), pp.566-576.

Holloway, I. and Galvin, K., 2016. Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley & Sons.

Inder, M.L., Crowe, M.T., Moor, S., Carter, J.D., Luty, S.E., Frampton, C.M. and Joyce, P.R., 2018. Three‐year follow‐up after psychotherapy for young people with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorders, 20(5), pp.441-447.

McCormack, C., Green, M.J., Rowland, J.E., Roberts, G., Frankland, A., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D., Joslyn, C., Lau, P., Wright, A., Levy, F. and Lenroot, R.K., 2016. Neuropsychological and social cognitive function in young people at genetic risk of bipolar disorder. Psychological medicine, 46(4), pp.745-758.

mentalhealth.org.uk 2018, Mental health statistics: bipolar disorder, Available at: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/statistics/mental-health-statistics-bipolar [Accessed on: 16th March 2020]

Plötner, M., Over, H., Carpenter, M. and Tomasello, M., 2016. What is a group? Young children’s perceptions of different types of groups and group entitativity. PloS one, 11(3). pp.23-45.

Ramani, S. and Mann, K., 2016. Introducing medical educators to qualitative study design: Twelve tips from inception to completion. Medical teacher, 38(5), pp.456-463.

Ratnayake, P. and Hyde, C., 2019. Mental Health Literacy, Help-Seeking Behaviour and Wellbeing in Young People: Implications for Practice. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 36(1), pp.16-21.

References for the Topic

Dickstein, D.P., Cushman, G.K., Kim, K.L., Weissman, A.B. and Wegbreit, E., 2015. Cognitive remediation: potential novel brain-based treatment for bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. CNS spectrums, 20(4), pp.382-390.

Fristad, M.A. and MacPherson, H.A., 2014. Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent bipolar spectrum disorders. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 43(3), pp.339-355.

Goldstein, B.I., Carnethon, M.R., Matthews, K.A., McIntyre, R.S., Miller, G.E., Raghuveer, G., Stoney, C.M., Wasiak, H. and McCrindle, B.W., 2015. Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder predispose youth to accelerated atherosclerosis and early cardiovascular disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 132(10), pp.965-986.

Goldstein, B.I., Lotrich, F., Axelson, D., Gill, M.K., Hower, H., Goldstein, T.R., Fan, J., Yen, S., Diler, R., Dickstein, D. and Strober, M., 2015. Inflammatory markers among adolescents and young adults with bipolar spectrum disorders. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 76(11), p.1556.

Goldstein, T.R., Krantz, M., Merranko, J., Garcia, M., Sobel, L., Rodriguez, C., Douaihy, A., Axelson, D. and Birmaher, B., 2016. Medication adherence among adolescents with bipolar disorder. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology, 26(10), pp.864-872.

Goldstein, B.I., Goldstein, T.R., Collinger, K.A., Axelson, D.A., Bukstein, O.G., Birmaher, B. and Miklowitz, D.J., 2014. Treatment development and feasibility study of family-focused treatment for adolescents with bipolar disorder and comorbid substance use disorders. Journal of psychiatric practice, 20(3), p.237.

Inder, M.L., Crowe, M.T., Luty, S.E., Carter, J.D., Moor, S., Frampton, C.M. and Joyce, P.R., 2015. Randomized, controlled trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy for young people with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorders, 17(2), pp.128-138.

Kendall, T., Morriss, R., Mayo-Wilson, E. and Marcus, E., 2014. Assessment and management of bipolar disorder: summary of updated NICE guidance. Bmj, 349, p.g5673.

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Khazanov, G.K., Cui, L., Merikangas, K.R. and Angst, J., 2015. Treatment patterns of youth with bipolar disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey—Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of abnormal child psychology, 43(2), pp.391-400.

Lan, W.H., Bai, Y.M., Hsu, J.W., Huang, K.L., Su, T.P., Li, C.T., Yang, A.C., Lin, W.C., Chang, W.H., Chen, T.J. and Tsai, S.J., 2015. Comorbidity of ADHD and suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder: a nationwide longitudinal study. Journal of affective disorders, 176, pp.171-175.

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Roberts, G., Perry, A., Lord, A., Frankland, A., Leung, V., Holmes-Preston, E., Levy, F., Lenroot, R.K., Mitchell, P.B. and Breakspear, M., 2018. Structural dysconnectivity of key cognitive and emotional hubs in young people at high genetic risk for bipolar disorder. Molecular psychiatry, 23(2), pp.413-421.

Roberts, G., Lord, A., Frankland, A., Wright, A., Lau, P., Levy, F., Lenroot, R.K., Mitchell, P.B. and Breakspear, M., 2017. Functional dysconnection of the inferior frontal gyrus in young people with bipolar disorder or at genetic high risk. Biological psychiatry, 81(8), pp.718-727.

Serafini, G., Pompili, M., Borgwardt, S., Houenou, J., Geoffroy, P.A., Jardri, R., Girardi, P. and Amore, M., 2014. Brain changes in early-onset bipolar and unipolar depressive disorders: a systematic review in children and adolescents. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 23(11), pp.1023-1041.

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