The Research Report On Cyber Security

Introduction

Over the past decades, the Internet has played an important role in the lives of human beings. For that reason, it has integrated with our lives because currently, we do everything with the help of the internet. Innovations have also played a significant role in making sure that the internet catches up with the latest technological innovations. Because of that, the internet today houses about 3 billion users around the world. Today, government services, banking services, work, and social interaction are carried out in cyberspace. Therefore, very sensitive information from different organizations is shared or controlled in cyberspace (Sengan et al., 2020). As a result, the sharing of sensitive information via cyberspace presented new security challenges to various organizations and government institutions. Hence, this introduces cyber-attack issues that are done by hackers or online intruders who want to indulge in someone’s privacy or get vital information from a website. That is why this research is going to conduct a report on cyber security (Renaud, Von Solms, and Von Solms, 2019).

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Open research question

Cyber security is a very important instrument to consider in any organization or any company. This is because cyber security can help organizations achieve high status and success online by providing users with protection against online attackers or competitors. Before a company decides to advance, it should make sure that its security systems are in check because it is the security system that will determine the future of that particular organization (Teoh, and Mahmood, 2017). Cyber security protects an organization’s servers, networks, and computer systems. This type of security system is programmed in such a way that it only allows authorized users to access an organization’s systems. The figure below displays some of the different cyber security parameters.

Cyber security triangle

The following are some of the important components of cyber security

Organization Network Security: Network security shields the PC network from disruptors, which can be malware or hacking. Organization security is a bunch of arrangements that empower associations to keep PC networks out of the reach of programmers, coordinated assailants, and malware (Teoh, and Mahmood, 2017). Application Security: Using equipment and programming (for example, antivirus projects, encryption, and firewalls) ensures the framework against outside dangers that might meddle with application improvement (Kahyaoglu and Caliyurt, 2018). Data security: safeguards physical and electronic information against unauthorized access, disclosure, abuse, unauthorized changes, and erasure (Raban and Hauptman, 2018). Functional security refers to the cycles and decisions made to control and ensure information. For instance, clients’ consent while getting to the organization or cycles that determine when and where data might be put away or shared (Spremić and Šimunic, 2018). Cloud Security: Protects data in the cloud (depending on the product) and screens to eliminate the possibility of on-site attacks (Spremić and Šimunic, 2018. Client preparation: This term refers to the unusual aspects of network security, specifically people. This inquiry is logically intriguing and/or pertinent to a genuine issue because many organizations are subjected to digital assaults daily. In short, network protection is a significant issue in the current contemporary present reality.

Existing and related work

The term “cyber security” is not something new to the ears of many managers, as it has evolved from 1962 to date. According to Spremić and Šimunic, (2018), in 1962, IBM arrested an East German spy who was suspected that had illegally accessed data in the company’s systems. This was the first reported case of a cyber-security issue. Also in 1983, a high school student got inside the unclassified networks of the military (Teoh, and Mahmood, 2017). However, the first serious war on cyber security began ten years ago, after Estonia’s cyberspace was attacked, putting the country in security jeopardy. Today, cyber security is a common language that can be found anywhere. For example, spam, scams, fraud, and identity theft can be found anywhere.

This issue makes cyber security an important subject or matter to consider today. Nevertheless, it remains a very complicated issue or disease to cure because it is something that begins with an individual or a network and ends up affecting the nation (Sengan et al., 2020). One reason why approaching network security is difficult is the exchange of political articulation to the variety of digital dangers (Kahyaoglu and Caliyurt, 2018). Fortunately, this did not deter researchers from attempting to discuss the problem. There are two most important concepts of digital security: network protection (Spremić and Šimunic, 2018) and digital securitization (Vitunskaite, Brandstetter, and Janicke, 2019). There is a linked relationship between these two conceptions of digital protection that edifies the current debate among scholars on the subject.

According to Smith, (2018), the goal of network security is to free tasks on the internet from the fear of physical or electronic harm. The way a country views the collection of exchanges inside securitisation components in network security and the attribution issue distinguishes their digital protection strategy and methods from one another (Raban and Hauptman, 2018). Dewar uses a three-panel painting term to describe three network security guard standards: Active Cyber Defense (ACD), which focuses on identifying and eliminating threats and threat specialists both inside and outside the protector’s organization; Fortified Cyber Defense (FCD), which focuses on forming a defensive climate; and Resilience Cyber Defense (RCD), which focuses on ensuring framework coherence (Ibid). Furthermore, he states that the United States and the United Kingdom fully adopted the ACD, while Germany employs the FCD and the EU and Japan embrace the RCD (Ibid) (Vitunskaite, Brandstetter, and Janicke, 2019).

Research approach

This study adopted an explanatory research design as the main approach that can help us define and get the answers to this problem. Cyber security is an enigmatic issue that needs a lot of research and in-depth explanation. This type of research approach can help a reader or a researcher identify the origin of an open research question. This approach has enabled this research to identify the year in which cyber security began (Paranjpe, 2021). In addition, this research is very important to any corporate organization or government/private institution. One major advantage of this research is that it will inform all the stakeholders of the current state of cyber security in today’s contemporary world. By bringing awareness to organizations, they might decide to take precautions or find the best alternatives to deal with cyber security. Cyber security is very important when it comes to achieving success over your competitors (Smith, 2018).

Despite this research question providing some benefits and advantages to organizations, configuring firewalls can be very challenging for most people or organizations. If an organization cannot configure its firewall system properly, then the possibility of the system being attacked is very high (Paranjpe, 2021). Alternatively, incorrectly configured firewalls can block all the systems in your organization, including users, from accessing the system until the firewall is properly configured. Secondly, cyber security mechanisms will slow down an organization’s system and performance. Also, if you don’t update your software from time to time, it will put your systems in unwanted jeopardy (Vitunskaite, Brandstetter, and Janicke, 2019.

Answering this type of open research question will need proper and analyzed research. Because it is a broader question that needs a lot of understanding from the researchers and the readers, too (Taylor et al., 2018). Therefore, using figures, diagrams, and visuals will be relevant for the research as it will help the reader understand how the cyber security field is exposed and important. Also, it will be important to use factors such as experimental design and theoretical framework to give the research a proper meaning. The theoretical framework is very important for the research because it will link the research to existing knowledge (Paranjpe, 2021).

Personal investment

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Cyber security is a fundamental issue in any organization because it protects an organization’s systems from fraud, theft, and damage. I am interested in this specific research question because organizations need it to survive in the contemporary world. Also, through cyber security, I can protect my health information or other patients’ important health information and intellectual property. Knowledge of computer science is the best strength that I need to pursue cyber security. The knowledge I have in this field will provide me with all the skills needed to conduct this research.

Reference List

Renaud, K., Von Solms, B. and Von Solms, R., 2019. How does intellectual capital align with cyber security?. Journal of Intellectual Capital.

Kahyaoglu, S.B. and Caliyurt, K., 2018. Cyber security assurance process from the internal audit perspective. Managerial Auditing Journal.

Raban, Y. and Hauptman, A., 2018. Foresight of cyber security threat drivers and affecting technologies. foresight.

Spremić, M. and Šimunic, A., 2018. Cyber security challenges in digital economy. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering (Vol. 1, pp. 4-6).

Vitunskaite, M., He, Y., Brandstetter, T. and Janicke, H., 2019. Smart cities and cyber security: Are we there yet? A comparative study on the role of standards, third party risk management and security ownership. Computers & Security, 83, pp.313-331.

Smith, G., 2018. The intelligent solution: automation, the skills shortage and cyber-security. Computer Fraud & Security, 2018(8), pp.6-9.

Paranjpe, M.S., 2021. BIG DATA TOOLS: A SOLUTION TO CYBER SECURITY. decision making, 10(2).

Taylor, P.J., Dargahi, T., Dehghantanha, A., Parizi, R.M. and Choo, K.K.R., 2020. A systematic literature review of blockchain cyber security. Digital Communications and Networks, 6(2), pp.147-156.

Sengan, S., Subramaniyaswamy, V., Nair, S.K., Indragandhi, V., Manikandan, J. and Ravi, L., 2020. Enhancing cyber–physical systems with hybrid smart city cyber security architecture for secure public data-smart network. Future generation computer systems, 112, pp.724-737.

Teoh, C.S. and Mahmood, A.K., 2017, July. National cyber security strategies for digital economy. In 2017 International Conference on Research and Innovation in Information Systems (ICRIIS) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.


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