New Zealand And Tanzania


Responsible tourism is referred to the type of tourism in which negative economic, social and environmental activities are at minimum level that helps to enhance well-being of the host countries as well as generates increased economic benefit for the local individuals. In this report, an overview regarding condition of responsible tourism in New Zealand and Tanzania is discussed along with the impact they have created on their social, economic and cultural life are also explained. Moreover, the way travel agents promote responsible tourism in the areas are also compared and contrasted.

Analysing features related to responsible tourism development in Tanzania or New Zealand

One of the features considered for responsible tourism development in Tanzania is that proper management of the natural diversity is to be done to ensure its sustainability and where appropriate steps are to be taken for restoring the nature (, 2018). The feature is important to be considered as it avoids negative impact on the natural environment and protects the delicate ecosystem in the area from tourist intrusion to maintain balance of nature. Tanzania is seen to have taken effective steps in regard to environmental responsibility for developing responsible tourism. This is evident from the case study of Serengeti National Park where it is mentioned that parks regulation prohibits taking photos of the Maasai race by the tourists and has built a “bomas’ to avoid tourist intrusion. This is because taking photos and intrusion may disturb the real villages and ecosystem in the area where the famous Maasai warrior race lives in harmony with the wild animals of the park. Moreover, it is seen that the Tanzanian government has created enough protection of the fragile ecosystem and the “the big five” animals in the region to ensure their sustainability along with the Maasai race (, 2018). The other feature considered for responsible tourism development in Tanzania is that infrastructure, construction and maintenance for providing services to the tourism are to be done in a way so that they do not negatively affect the community or local resources where the tourism exists (, 2018). This is evidently abided by which can be seen from the case of Katavi National Park where active steps are taken to avoid upgradation of a murram road which connects regional capitals of Tanzania as doing so would negatively affect the sanctity of the protected area (Caro, 2015).


Comparing and contrasting impact of tourism on New Zealand and Tanzania

The rise of tourism in New Zealand has contributed nearly NZ$12.9 billion in 2016 which is 5.6% of the country’s total GDP for the year (, 2016). Moreover, in 2017, the tourism sector in New Zealand contributed 18% (NZ$47.5bn) of the total GDP for the year (, 2017). In comparison to this, the tourism sector of Tanzania offered total of TZS 4,585.5bn which is 4.7% of the total GDP of the country for the year 2016 (, 2017). Moreover, contribution of tourism to the GDP of Tanzania is seen to be 10.4% in 2017 (, 2018). The figures inform that the tourism sector in Tanzania is economically lower in growth than New Zealand.

The tourism in New Zealand is seen to have created negative impact on the social and cultural life of the people. This is evident as recently it is informed that local individuals feel the intrusion of the tourist has led to increased traffic jams and double-decker buses which is ruining their windy tree-lined areas used for socialisation (, 2017; m, 2018). In Tanzania, it is seen 90% of the individual life under rural settings and 67.9% of individuals live below the poverty line (, 2017). The promotion of tourism in Tanzania has helped in this aspect to improve social life by increasing earnings of local individuals to alleviating poverty.

In relation to local environment, the rise of tourism in New Zealand has led to increase pollution of the natural environment as tourists are found to leave rubbish and use the natural environment as toilets which pollute the pristine ecosystem (, 2017). In comparison, the wildlife safaris in Tanzania due to increased tourism has led to create change in human-wildlife interaction causing exploitation and issues with sustainability of nature (, 2018). The tourism in Tanzania is seen to have negatively affected in many areas where the tourist interact with the locals in a dehumanized manner as well as cause erosion of local culture (Snyder and Sulle, 2011; Melubo and Lovelock, 2019).

Analysing the way agents are able to help to promote responsible tourism in Serengeti and New Zealand

The travel agents can promote responsible tourism in Serengeti by using energy-efficient vehicles to offer wildlife safaris to tourists. This is because such vehicles are going to lower the pollution rate in the area, in turn, acting to promote sustainability of the environment (Mbaiwa et al. 2018). The travel agents can promote responsible tourism in New Zealand by encouraging the tourists to bring reusable bottle filled with water while exploring the natural reserves of the country. This is because in this was the plastic waste in the environment can be controlled to some extent, in turn, helping to protect environmental suitability (Bartolotta and Hardy, 2018). In order to promote responsible tourism, the travel agents in both the places can provide accurate information to the tourists regarding the way they are to behave with the locals so that the cultural integrity of the people in the area is protected. For instance, the travel agents can ask the tourists in Serengeti to avoid taking photos of the Maasai race as it may act to disrespect them (, 2018).

Comparing and contrasting the role of agents

The role of travel agents in private sector is to arrange and provide services to the tourists on the behalf of the airlines, hotels, tour companies and others. They also offer opinions and advice to the tourists to where to go and not and which are the attractions in the place along with provides information about brief history of the places of visit to the tourist for better understanding regarding the area. They work for private companies and arrange trip plan for the tourists where the money earned is enjoyed by the private companies (Chee et al. 2017). The travel agents in public sector are related to the government who offers similar services in relation to the private agents. They also charge money from the tourists to arrange travelling and accommodation services but the earned revenue is contributed to the government for improving the country’s infrastructure (Mossaz and Coghlan, 2017). In contrast to them, the volunteer agents in the tourism industry are the ones who offer services to the tourists to lead them to contribute money for supporting certain social or environmental causes in the destinations. The revenue or profit earned is not used for personal benefit and is implemented for the improvement of the society and environment by resolving the negative causes (Kohler et al. 2016).

Evaluating the way three objectives of responsible tourism are put into practice

One of the key objectives of responsible tourism is improving employment quality. This means that responsible tourism is required to increase the number and condition of local jobs for the local people without creating any discrimination (Mihalic, 2016). In Tanzania, it is seen that growth of responsible tourism has contributed 9.9% of total employment in 2017 with reduced discrimination among individuals (, 2018). In New Zealand, responsible tourism has also led to increase number of jobs for the local people which is evident as in 2017 total of 6million net jobs were created in the tourism sector for the people (, 2018). The other objective of responsible tourism is to support and maintain biological diversity (McCombes et al. 2015). This is required to avoid negative impact on the environment due to tourists. In Tanzania’s Serengeti National park, it is seen that effective steps are taken to protect ‘the big five” along with the fragile ecosystem and Maasia race located in the southern plains (, 2018). In New Zealand, the government is seen to set up Department of Conservation for protecting all nature of species of plants and animals to maintain biological diversity of the place by restricting and managing the tourist explorations in the place (, 2018). The third objective of responsible tourism is to increase resource efficiency by minimising use of non-renewable resources by tourism facilities and tourist (Hanafiah et al. 2016). The New Zealand government, as well as the tourism companies in the sector, are seen to focus on using less non-renewable resources to reduce waste and fulfil the objective of resource efficiency (, 2018). In Tanzania, the Resilient Natural Resource Management has been set up to ensure proper management of the nature and biodiversity in the place so that they are not affected by the tourism with priority being given in the Southern Tanzanian territory where most of the biodiversity and key natural resources of the country exists (, 2017).

Evaluating a holiday which incorporates the key features related to responsible tourism

The holiday to Serengeti National Park in Tanzania is seen to potentially incorporate features related to responsible tourism. This is evident as the holiday to the place makes the tourist remain in restriction to avoid disrespecting the local race in the area which is Maasai warrior race by keep themselves away from interacting or clicking photos of the people of the race (, 2018). Thus, it informs that no negative impact on the social life of the people in the place is caused. Moreover, the place offers restricted interaction of the tourists with wildlife which helps to maintain and protect the biological diversity of the place which is one of the key features of responsible tourism.

The education regarding responsible tourism practices to the tourist is going to help them understand the way to act responsibility while visiting the places so that the natural resources or the biodiversity of the place is least affected or disrupted (Del Chiappa et al. 2016). This is going to help in better conservation of the natural reserves creating proper natural balance in the areas. The education to the tourist is also going to help them respect the historic heritage, cultural richness and well as others of the place by acting socially in the manner which is accepted in the area (Boley et al. 2017). This is important to enhance the cultural richness of the place with the help of the tourists. Moreover, the education of responsible tourism leads the tourist understand the way they can economically contribute through travelling in the area for resolving negative impacts on the local community (Del Chiappa et al. 2016). This helps to benefit the local communities to have better social life in the area by earning proper money from the support of the tourists. Continue your exploration of Tourism Investigation with our related content.

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The above discussion informs that effective responsible tourism is being undertaken in Tanzania as well as in New Zealand which has led to create fulfilment of the features of protecting biodiversity, respecting social life, maintaining resource efficiency and others. This is evident as travel agents in the area areas seen to have considered strategies and have developed activities for responsible tourism.


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