Managing Time Constraints And Actor Schedules

Introduction

The research is effective to identify the process and method of the director who are engaged in television where the dram and series are represented. The factors and directors are doing hardware for representing the scripted drama on televisions. The literature review provides a scope to discuss the ways the directors manage short time period and the strict time schedule of the actors in the televisions and manage their working process successfully. The research also focuses on identifying the tactics that the directors adopt to tackle the issue of time constraint where there is tight time schedule for the actors and it becomes difficult for the directors to manage the time for the actors in the television set.

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Television directors and theory roles

The television directors are the in charge of the activities which are involved in developing the televisions program to the section of the program. Generally, the television directors are responsible to take the ultimate decision about the scenes in the television and they try to direct the actors for the program. As stated by Pizzurro, and Falson, AJP Enterprises LLP (2017), the editorial content development, creative styling and camera rolling and actions are also directed by the televisions directors. They do hard jobs in the television set where their roles are to create innovative television program by playing the latest technique as well as developing the creative content for the programs. The major duties of the televisions directors are such as originating the program ideas, writing the scripts, finding the contributors, planning the shoots and ensuring safety and logistics management at the set, leading the crew members in location and directing the contributors and presenters to take shots and actions successfully. As opined by Wang, Shi and Li (2018), the directors are also playing an important role to work with editors and content developers as well as camera person and other crew members at the location to assemble the final product, the program content and developing the scenes depend on the directors decision where their hard work and dedication to the program are the major contributing factors to lead the actors towards developing the programs successfully.

According to Mizuno (2020), there are several skills of the televisions directors which are mandatory for them to manage the programs and develop the scenes efficiently for the televisions drama or program. The skill of strategic thinking and creative thinking are necessary for the televisions director, where the strategy to think critically and innovatively is mandatory for the directors. The directors must review the strategies to identify the equipments and techniques to shoot the programs and in this regard there are several activities such as cash balance management, potential takeover and underperforming division which are necessary to be maintained efficiently. The directors also need to have communication skill and cooperative behaviour where it is possible for the directors to collaborate with all the members presented at the location and develop a strong team to work with others. This is one of the major factors which are contributing in developing the television programs. As stated by Pizzurro, and Falson, AJP Enterprises LLP (2017), the directors try to enhance communication and cooperation with all the members including actors, crew members, designers and makeup artists as well as camera man and other contributors in order to develop a strong team and perform better to produce the program on television. In addition to this, the decision making and problem solving skills are also necessary for the televisions directors, where the directors can make effective decision to lead the members as well as resolve the internal issues such as time and budget constraint, lack of timing of the actors and others technical faults at the locations.

Methods and approaches and techniques director’s in television

As opined by Coles and MacNeill (2017), there are several methods and ways to work in the television industry where the directors try to utilise their skills and develop tactics to manage the programs and do their responsibilities as well. The methods or the approaches of working can be developing through different ways or themes where they focus on developing the televisions program or scenes for further release.

Multi camera studio recordings management

As opined by Milne (2016), the directors try to manage multi camera studio recordings, in order t tale the best shoot for the program. The directors work closely with the vision mixer, producers in the gallery room or control room to visually create the program. The gallery is located away from the program, the directors communicate through talkback equipment to technical personnel including the floor managers, camera operators, boom operators, lighting, sound supervisors and other crew members at the workplace. This is one of the effective ways to develop the program and release it successfully. As opined by Morris, Farrell and Reed (2016), the directors try to review all the movements and shots at the location and the crew members also provide feedback from the studio floor.

Managing technical equipments

It is another major method of doing the job and duties of the television directors, where the directors are responsible to manage the efficacy of the equipments required for shooting. According to Mobley (2019), the technical equipments are such as lighting, cameras, sound recording system, microphones, dressing and make up equipments as well as the graphics and designing and transitions are necessary for shooting and the televisions directors try to increase the safety measures of using the equipments as well as manage the quality of the equipments as well at the locations to avoid the technical faults.

Collaboration and communication

According to Hill (2019), the directors work very closely with the producers in television as well as there are writers, crew members, camera man and others who try to maintain logistics in the location of the program. The directors have clear and creative ideas for developing the program. They try to shoot endless footage for the programs and choose the best shot for release. As stated by O'Hagan, Murphy and Barton (2020), in order to maintain the team members in the program, it is mandatory to develop strong communication and cooperation in the set, in this regard, the directors try to develop schedule for the members including the crew, makeup artists, camera man, producers and the actors who are the major contributors for the program. According to Mobley (2019), after scheduling the whole program, it is mandatory for the directors to manage the set and implement the strategies of communication., for raising communication, the directors try to develop good bonding at the location and enhance one interactions and cooperation so that they can work together for better performance. This is one of the effective ways to manage the working activities and lead the members towards achieving the vision of the director. Through the walky-talkies, formal email as well as direct verbal communication, the directors try to interact with the members and develop strong team to work together.

Managing safety at the location

Managing the health and safety at the workplace is another major method where the directors are concerned about the health condition and safety and security of the members. According to Ghasemi (2020), for this the directors try to maintain the ethical code of conduct as well as manage the logistics and equipments at the set. All the equipment are under control as well as there are safety and security for the members, the members are working under effective guidance and safety measures the crew members also take care of the actors and other participants in the program. The fire extinguishers, emergency exit as well as the fast aid services are there to protect the members successfully.

Tactics of director to deal with tight production schedules

One of the major issues in television program and shooting is time constraint or the tight scheduling for the actors. According to Murphy (2016), it is mandatory for the directors are responsible to manage the issues and create the programs efficiently. The major tactics and hard working activities of the directors will be evaluated further through which the directors aim at completing the shoots to maximise its vision.

Pre production

Pre production is the phase where the directors do hard works to set up the location and create major planning to shoot the scenes by managing all the members. Budgeting and changing the script as per the visions are the major activities where the directors try to develop the tactics to create the plan and invest adequate amount in the program. As stated by Rautkorpi (2020), the screenwriting software is also effective for the directors to check the script and improve it by editing. Working with the department’s heads and hiring the crew members and actors are also other major working activities in the Pre production phase, where the directors are involved in developing the planning for final shoot. According to Murphy (2016), story boarding and short listing is another important of this phase where the directors share the storyboarding and short list the actors and crew members who can handle the program successfully. Hence, this phase is important for the directors to create effective planning for the shoot and in this regard storytelling to the actors and the crew members is necessary to progress in the television program and manage schedule of thee actors and the members. Story boarding as well as auditing and casting are also important for creating the plan and in this regard, for auditing and casting, the directors select the actors and cast them in the program after story boarding and sharing all the activities in the program.

Production

It is the second phase, where the director gear up the program shoots and cast the actors and crew members successfully. As stated by Rautkorpi (2020), the filmmaker techniques, directing the actors and cameras are the roles of the directors and the directors are able to manage their roles and responsibilities efficiently to shoot the perfect scenes successfully. In this phase, the directors try to utilise their skills and efficacy to shoot so that time schedule can be managed well. The planning during the pre production is implemented successfully by checking the equipment to manage time constraint and create the scenes perfectly.

Post production

The third stage is post production, where also the directors are responsible to edit the videos and scenes to release the final shoot. According to Murphy (2016), for time management, and resolving the time constraint issue, the directors try to work with the editors, sound departments, composers, consult with the producers, and manage all the editing of the scenes efficiently. The time schedule of the crew members and the sectors can be managed through this way, where the directors try to utilise their skill and make the perfect shots successfully. The post production phase is important to produce the final program where video editing and sound management are conducted efficiently.

According to Murphy (2016), the directors try to implement actor orientated approach to make the time schedule and hire the crew members efficiently at the location. The tight time schedule is managed by the directors where they focus on pre production and post production process, sharing the story line with the actors to make it clear and create proper planning to get the perfect shots for final editing.

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Summary

The methods and approach of the directors are effective and they do hard works at the locations to manage the main issue of time constraint, where it becomes difficult for them to get proper time schedule from the members and actors mainly. The directors try to manage the tight time schedule through managing the pre production and post production phase, where it is possible for the directors to develop the planning, testing the equipments, creating the locations efficiently, managing the crew members, managing the quality of cameras and hiring the crew members and actors as per their schedule. Hence, the time constraint can be managed well where the directors are playing important role to manage their activities and develop proper planning to take the actions and shoot the scenes efficiently to get the perfect shots.

Reference List

  • Coles, A. and MacNeill, K., 2017. Policy ecologies, gender, work, and regulation distance in film and TV production. In Women, labor segmentation and regulation (pp. 211-231). London: Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Ghasemi, A., 2020. Negotiating challenges and aspirations in a gendered work environment: The voices of women working in the Iranian broadcasting media. Journal of Social Issues.
  • Hill, J., 2019. Ken Loach: The politics of film and television. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Milne, M., 2016. The transformation of television sport: New methods, new rules. Berlin: Springer.
  • Mizuno, S., 2020. Management for quality improvement: the 7 new QC tools. London: CRC Press.
  • Mobley, B.R., 2019. African-American female aspiring journalists and the lack of African-African American female television news directors and producers.
  • Morris, J., Farrell, C. and Reed, M., 2016. The indeterminacy of ‘temporariness’: Control and power in neo-bureaucratic organizations and work in UK television. Human Relations, 69(12), pp.2274-2297.
  • Murphy, S.E., 2016. Leadership lessons from creative industries: The case of producers, directors, and executives in film and television. In Leadership lessons from compelling contexts. London: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  • O'Hagan, J., Murphy, D. and Barton, R., 2020. Do state funding, geographic location, and networks matter? The case of prominent Irish actors, directors and writers. Cultural Trends, pp.1-19.
  • Pizzurro, A.J. and Falson, C.J., AJP Enterprises LLP, 2017. Systems and methods of customized television programming over the internet. U.S. Patent Application 15/234,300.
  • Rautkorpi, T., 2020. Television professionals’ reflections on their practices while cooperating with amateur participants: A case study of three topical Finnish multiplatform shows. The Journal of Popular Television, 8(2), pp.195-215.
  • Wang, X., Shi, M. and Li, C., 2018, June. Design and Implementation of Shooting Notice of Film and Television Projects Based On Play Script. In 2018 IEEE/ACIS 17th International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS) (pp. 704-708). IEEE.

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