Critically Examine How Religious Practice

Introduction

The primary context upon which the entire academic perspective of the corresponding study undertaking is constituted could be acknowledged as the perception that the perspectives of cultural affiliation as well as religious orientation could not be ascertained in the form of any unidirectional monolithic discourse. In this context, the specific concentration of the study attention on that of the structural fabric of the society of the United Kingdom could be conceived to be an accurate undertaking, at least from the definitive socio-philosophical standpoints, in the context of the subsequent study. The rationale could be understood to be the consecutive variations and multiplicity of theological constructs which pervade the entire spectrum of social structures of the United Kingdom. The focal point in this respect could be determined to be the assumption that religion could now be equated with that of specific choices, made on the individual basis, with greater emphasis on cultural as well as social lineages rather than collective consciousness. This could be envisioned as the reflection of the particularities associated with the steady transformations of both the ethnic and demographic lineages which have characterised the society of the United Kingdom in the 20th and 21st century. To this effect, the inquest which has to be addressed in a consistent manner could be outlined as the extent to which the factors of theological or theocratic delineations dominate the lives of the citizens of the United Kingdom. The element of gradual progression of the transformation of religiosity in tandem with the constant of time would also be a vital aspect which would be delved into by the considerate study regarding the overall context of the evaluation of the topic under consideration.

Main body

The determinant facets of religiosity which could be prevalent at the United Kingdom as well as the measurable extents of the same are mostly able to be categorised within four definite segments of evaluation. Measuring the crucible of religiosity is thus completely incumbent upon the four different aspects which could be ascertained as differing intensity of cultural affiliations, the sense of identity which ingratiates the individual as well as collective consciousness of the citizenry towards the manifestation of particular tenets of different theocratic constructs, the development of the specificities related with such core tenets of particular religious doctrines and finally, the vigour and zeal with which particular religious practices could be observed by different ethnic or cultural groups and by even the individual citizens of the United Kingdom. The final category could be defined to be related to two different sub-categories such as self-reported religiousaffiliation and the observed and exhibited tendencies towards the subscription to any particular religious order or philosophy. According to Phillips (2017), an increasing trend, which could be observed within the social circles at the United Kingdom, could be considered to be the greater propensities towards constructing the social identities to which individuals could subscribe to out of their own accord. This generally conforms to the observed situation within the UK where a definite decline in the proportion of the religiously observant populace has set in and no commensurate expansion of the sections of the populace who subscribe to any religious belief system could be observed either.However, as per the observations of Mitchell (2017), this situation could be and is frequently, misinterpreted as general inclination towards atheistic or non-religious tendenciesbecoming predominant within the social fabric of the United Kingdom.This could be better described in the manner of transformation from active subjects of religious cults and theocratic doctrines to consequently becoming selective about religious preferences. This is not comparable to abandoning every religious belief altogether, on the contrary, this indicates the shifting away of active faith from those of the meta-narratives of theocratic constructs. According to Gardner (2017), this could be as well specify the concept of re-enchantment which is at best considered to be an anathema regarding the theoretical constructs of disenchantment of the general UK populace regarding their religious inclinations and faiths. In this context, Bowman and Valk (2014) observes that the gradual decline in the conventional religious following within the UK, as a direct effect of the postmodern dilemma, has been supplanted by expanding trend of non-traditional religious practices within the general social life of the country under consideration.As per the research of Fox (2018), the primary claim of the postmodernist theorists has always bordered on the ascertainment that the exponential growth in the digital media and accompanying religious institutions such as the electronic church are irrefutably indications that secularisation has not taken hold within the mainstream social discourse of the UK populace. This could be considered to be a stark contrast to the prevalent perception that most of the consumers of the media generated religious messages generally have the propensity to prefer the religious programmes which could lend credence to or confirm the beliefs which could be already in existence amongst them. According to Müller (2016), the British Attitudes Survey, which is published annually, could be considered to be one of the most preferred and trusted measures through which the existing religious attitudes could be comprehended, both on the social as well as on the perceptual levels. However, as per the observations of Davie (2014), the information derived from the survey should primarily considered to be the statistical and analytical indication of the structural belief mechanisms of the UK populace and this does not formulate any concrete measure of actual conditionality on part of the religious minded people of the United Kingdom.

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As per the research of Davie (2018), the peripheral factors which influence the development of the religious discourses within the existing social order, could be identified as the administrative institutions and, to some extent, existing majoritarian political orientations. This observation is particularly of interest, at least from the academic standpoint, concerning the historical fact that throughout the entirety of the religious history of the United Kingdom, the absence of any political divergence and division based on religious orientations has been mostly a persistent case. As per the observations of Davie (2016), the most potent reflection of such historical discourse has been the continued and consistent interactions which occurred during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth century United Kingdom amongst various theocratic traditions and politico-financial variables. This period of heightened activity on the socio-religious front could be understood to stretch from the mid Sixteenth century to the late Eighteenth century and is mostly provided the nomenclature of the great age of theocratic dynamism. According to Field (2017), this specific period of few hundred years has included the emergence of Anglicanism, Presbyterianism, Methodism and Congretionalism, in excess to the existing Protestantism and Catholicism. This established the modicum of religious diversity and tolerance perspective amongst the social sphere of the United Kingdom which have continued since then till the 20th Century.

As per the research of Davie (2017), the necessary prescient approach for the formulation of greater research understanding concerning the religious interaction between different social groups within the UK populace, could be considered in terms of the dominant thematic concern which could be demonstrated through the evaluation of the dual factors. These are factors are perceivable in the form of the persistence of religious faith and historically integral aspect of different forms of pluralism which had pervaded the British society at various points of time. This could be taken into cognisance in the form of maintaining the most critical balance between that of the practicality of pluralism and ardour of faith. It is in this context, the research inquests have to take into account the factor of local differences which have considerately influenced the course of religious consciousness development within the UK social fabric. The local differences had become prominent during the early days of British Isles within the Celtic demographic identities. The geographical identities could be considered to have played the most critical roles concerning the development of different religious sect based socio--religious identity through the entire geographical precinct of the United Kingdom. Some specific geographical attributes could be evaluated in this regard through analysis of the relationship between the particular regional contexts of the different regions of the UK and the subsequent religious identity development within the overarching structure of Christianity. As per the research of Gardner (2015), the parts of the United Kingdom which speak Welsh in a majoritarian manner on the demographic level could also be assessed to be the cradle of Welsh speaking cathedrals and chapels. These religious institutions are mostly different from the other sections of the United Kingdom. In a similar manner, the churches and chapels which could be found at the Scottish Highlands and the northern islands, are considerably different from those of the southern sections of the country. Gill (2017) has specified that within the relatively secluded confines of the Northern Ireland, the profiles of religious institutions exhibit considerably variations. These features are also observable within the geographical boundaries of England with considerably more d extensive localised and regional variations. The academic exploration into such a realisation could further lead to the act that there could be particular historical discourses through which such regional variations could be better understood within the localised contexts of the United Kingdom. As per the observations of Brown (2014), in the south west of the country, the prevalence of Methodism had the marked influence on the shaping of the direction of the Church. Similar effects could be observed in the North West of the United Kingdom where the immigration of the Catholic populace from different areas of Ireland and the remnants of the recusants who did not conform to the Anglican services of Welsh and Ireland, defined the direction towards which the existing Christian institutions progressed.

As per the research of Davie (2017), the necessary prescient approach for the formulation of greater research understanding concerning the religious interaction between different social groups within the UK populace, could be considered in terms of the dominant thematic concern which could be demonstrated through the evaluation of the dual factors. These are factors are perceivable in the form of the persistence of religious faith and historically integral aspect of different forms of pluralism which had pervaded the British society at various points of time. This could be taken into cognisance in the form of maintaining the most critical balance between that of the practicality of pluralism and ardour of faith. It is in this context, the research inquests have to take into account the factor of local differences which have considerately influenced the course of religious consciousness development within the UK social fabric. The local differences had become prominent during the early days of British Isles within the Celtic demographic identities. The geographical identities could be considered to have played the most critical roles concerning the development of different religious sect based socio--religious identity through the entire geographical precinct of the United Kingdom. Some specific geographical attributes could be evaluated in this regard through analysis of the relationship between the particular regional contexts of the different regions of the UK and the subsequent religious identity development within the overarching structure of Christianity. As per the research of Gardner (2015), the parts of the United Kingdom which speak Welsh in a majoritarian manner on the demographic level could also be assessed to be the cradle of Welsh speaking cathedrals and chapels. These religious institutions are mostly different from the other sections of the United Kingdom. In a similar manner, the churches and chapels which could be found at the Scottish Highlands and the northern islands, are considerably different from those of the southern sections of the country. Gill (2017) has specified that within the relatively secluded confines of the Northern Ireland, the profiles of religious institutions exhibit considerably variations. These features are also observable within the geographical boundaries of England with considerably more d extensive localised and regional variations. The academic exploration into such a realisation could further lead to the act that there could be particular historical discourses through which such regional variations could be better understood within the localised contexts of the United Kingdom. As per the observations of Brown (2014), in the south west of the country, the prevalence of Methodism had the marked influence on the shaping of the direction of the Church. Similar effects could be observed in the North West of the United Kingdom where the immigration of the Catholic populace from different areas of Ireland and the remnants of the recusants who did not conform to the Anglican services of Welsh and Ireland, defined the direction towards which the existing Christian institutions progressed.

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Conclusion

At the conclusive phase of the entire study undertaking, it could be deduced that the preceding research study has been particularly demonstrative of two parallel research perspectives on which the entire investigative effort has been developed. These two could be understood to be the understanding of the historic conditionalities which have led to the current religious denominations of the United Kingdom and the existing transformations of religious discourses within the urban regional situations of the country of concern. In this context, the study has been effusive with the persistent effort, by the researcher, to highlight the comprehended particularities through a critical approach.

Reference List

  • Bowman, M. and Valk, U., 2014. Introduction: Vernacular religion, generic expressions and the dynamics of belief. In Vernacular Religion in Everyday Life (pp. 13-32). Routledge.
  • Brown, C.G., 2014. Religion and society in twentieth-century Britain. Routledge.
  • Coleman, S. and Collins, P. eds., 2017. Religion, identity and change: perspectives on global transformations. Routledge.
  • Davie, G., 2014. Religion in Britain: A persistent paradox. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Davie, G., 2016. Changing Britain: whilst the non-religious are growing, new religious life is flourishing in urban areas. Religion and the Public Sphere.
  • Davie, G., 2017. Sociological approaches to religion in Britain. In Foundations and Futures in the Sociology of Religion (pp. 25-38). Routledge.
  • Davie, G., 2018. Understanding religion in modern Britain: taking the long view. In David Martin and the Sociology of Religion (pp. 77-94). Routledge.
  • Field, C.D., 2017. Secularization in the long 1960s: Numerating religion in Britain. Oxford University Press.
  • Fox, J., 2018. An introduction to religion and politics: Theory and practice. Routledge.
  • Gardner, F., 2017. Critical spirituality: A holistic approach to contemporary practice. Routledge.
  • Gardner, K.J., 2015. Religion and Change in Modern Britain. Gill, R., 2017. Society Shaped by Theology: Sociological Theology Volume 3. Routledge.
  • Heelas, P., 2017. Predicting religion: Christian, secular and alternative futures. Taylor & Francis.
  • Civilisation, Modernity and the Discourse on Religious Tolerance in 19th Century Great Britain. Global Histories: A Student Journal, 3(2).
  • Mitchell, C., 2017. Religion, identity and politics in Northern Ireland: Boundaries of belonging and belief. Routledge. Müller, O., 2016. The social significance of religion in the enlarged Europe: Secularization, individualization and pluralization. Routledge.
  • Phillips, D.Z., 2017. Religion and friendly fire: Examining assumptions in contemporary philosophy of religion. Routledge. Robbins, K., 2016. Great Britain: Identities, Institutions and the Idea of Britishness Since 1500. Routledge.
  • Ryan, L., 2016. Exploring religion as a bright and blurry boundary: Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain. In Women and Irish diaspora identities. Manchester University Press.
  • Woodhead, L., Partridge, C. and Kawanami, H. eds., 2016. Religions in the modern world: Traditions and transformations. Routledge.

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