A Call for Enhanced Healthcare Education

Provide a precise analysis of one policy initiative, related to health promotion, that is geared towards tackling antimicrobial.

Tackling antimicrobial resistance: educational priorities

Antimicrobial resistance a global challenge:

More than 50,000 people face death annually in the European continent due to bacterial infection becoming high resistance to medicines (Holmes et al. 2016). The rate of infection is expected to increase in the next five decades, with more than 10 million individuals dying all over the world annually (Marston et al. 2016). Addressing the crisis demands a systematic approach supporting healthcare professionals needs to enhance the knowledge and change the existing behaviour resulting in microbial resistance. Health education England requires ensuring that healthcare for workers poses the excellent knowledge and skills needed to improve current infection control policies and develop a new one for better healthcare outcomes. Health Education England wants to hear from the health educator about the work well and not so well to educate the health regarding the possible issue and type of support that can be used at a national level.

Effective approaches:

Approaches in the healthcare participants were looking for to raise the existing awareness of antimicrobial resistance while supporting the course of change are inclusive of:

Tailoring customer feedback to prescribers through the use of ward rounds or bedside teaching coupled with visual prompts (Santajit. and Indrawattana, 2016)

Education session composed of small groups inclusive of patient stories and case scenarios

having the right kind of role model talking and demonstrating the best practices to ensure antimicrobial resistance (Hunt et al. 2017)

Embedding information about the proper use of antibiotics and infection control

Lack of appropriate and adequate training and continuing professional development opportunities


Priorities for national support

Areas where health professional thought national level elementary level support might be implemented to ensure better outcomes related to microbial related resistance are included as follows:

Working at the strategic level embracing the microbial resistance as national priority coupled with policy and financial drivers

Integrating national approaches by working with NHS England can ensure better antimicrobial resistance. Public health England needs to implement a systematic method incorporating consistency and targeting the right kind messages (Tacconelli et al. 2018)

Educating the future workforce would increase the effort to make sure the competency in regards to antimicrobial resistance is well in force and made relevant within the healthcare professionals in future. Emerging workforce need to be taught about antimicrobial resistance in their courses to ensure a better deal of understanding related to the same

Sharing of good practice could be instrumental in helping healthcare organisations to perform workouts that may lead to antimicrobial resistance policies. Sharing of good practice can be done by use of electronic newsletters that can provide research ideas motivating the healthcare professionals to stick to better hygiene policies (Holmes et al. 2016). A testing approach for cultural change can help in changing the way health professionals are in specific organisations to meet the requirements for antimicrobial resistance.

Analyse the public health issue of physical inactivity in a defined population.

Physical activity is termed as bodily movement produced by the skeletal muscles that require the expenditure of the energy. Lack of suitable physical activity is termed as the fourth leading risk for global mortality accounting for 6% of death worldwide (GOV.UK, 2017). Physical activity is termed to be one of the leading causes of colon and breast cancer, roughly 21 per cent to 25 per cent. Physical activity often poses the threat of diabetes 27% and ischemic heart disease 30% (phe.org.uk, 2017)

Physical activities responsible for one out of 6 in the UK and is roughly estimated to cost about 7.4 billion Euros every year. Unfortunately, the current population is 20% less active than it used to be in 1950 and if the current condition continues to exist the statistics is likely to increase by 35 per cent by 2030 (Andersen, Mota and Di Pietro, 2016). People fail to realise that physical activity carries essential benefits for health and help to prevent 20 chronic health conditions

The level of physical activity tends to be essential for children as obesity among children can create adverse health conditions in the absence of physical activity. An evidence-based study suggests that physical inactivity is not a live event; it is a manifestation of a long-term practice followed during the early stages of life. It is for the same reason that the government policies work on promoting events of physical activities among the children. Physical activity is essential for the development of motor skills (Andersen, Mota and Di Pietro, 2016).

Physical inactivity costs around 1 billion every year in the NHS, making physical inactivity matter of substantial public concern (GOV.UK, 2017). The current physical inactivity is partially due to the people being less active during their leisure time, coupled with an increase in sedentary behaviour during the course of recreational or occupational activities. Exercising can help in keeping medical costs low. Exercises at a normal level and moderate-intensity can work on reducing the risk associated with cardiovascular problems and chronic conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes.

The government hence works on providing national guidelines for physical activity state that the activity should start with a mild level of exercise, gradually building up to higher intensity every week. Business depends on the lifestyle and age people tend to become less active with the increasing age. However one out of every four individuals is likely to be productive if advised by a healthcare professional presenting a unique scope for the health care professional to be supportive of people who tend to remain active (Zelle et al. 2017). Hence it can be stated that the events of physical activity hold importance for every individual irrespective of their age. Following a regular set of physical activities can work on establishing a healthy mental and physical health condition. The adverse impact of physical activity is not limited to physical health, whether it extends up to the psychological well-being and becomes a leading cause of depression.

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Reference list

Andersen, L.B., Mota, J. and Di Pietro, L., 2016. Update on the global pandemic of physical inactivity. Lancet (London, England), 388(10051), p.1255.

Holmes, A.H., Moore, L.S., Sundsfjord, A., Steinbakk, M., Regmi, S., Karkey, A., Guerin, P.J. and Piddock, L.J., 2016. Understanding the mechanisms and drivers of antimicrobial resistance. The Lancet, 387(10014), pp.176-187.

Hunt, M., Mather, A.E., Sánchez-Busó, L., Page, A.J., Parkhill, J., Keane, J.A. and Harris, S.R., 2017. ARIBA: rapid antimicrobial resistance genotyping directly from sequencing reads. Microbial genomics, 3(10).

Marston, H.D., Dixon, D.M., Knisely, J.M., Palmore, T.N. and Fauci, A.S., 2016. Antimicrobial resistance. Jama, 316(11), pp.1193-1204.

Santajit, S. and Indrawattana, N., 2016. Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in ESKAPE pathogens. BioMed research international, 2016.

Tacconelli, E., Sifakis, F., Harbarth, S., Schrijver, R., van Mourik, M., Voss, A., Sharland, M., Rajendran, N.B., Rodríguez-Baño, J., Bielicki, J. and de Kraker, M., 2018. Surveillance for control of antimicrobial resistance. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 18(3), pp.e99-e106.

Zelle, D.M., Klaassen, G., Van Adrichem, E., Bakker, S.J., Corpeleijn, E. and Navis, G., 2017. Physical inactivity: a risk factor and target for intervention in renal care. Nature Reviews Nephrology, 13(3), p.152.

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